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What are metabolites

Metabolites are the products of metabolism, the breakdown of food to make energy in the body. Some examples of metabolites include sugars, amino acids, and vitamins. 

What is the purpose of metabolites?

Metabolites are produced in the process of metabolism for many reasons. They are created to provide energy, act as structural components, and to provide signals within the body. 

Do genetics impact metabolites?

Genetics can impact how we metabolize food, which means genetics impacts the presence of metabolites in the body. Different genetic variants influence different processes for breaking down food. Your genetics may cause you to produce either more or less of a certain metabolite when breaking down food. 

What is metabolomics?

Metabolomics is the scientific study of the small molecules of metabolites, and the chemical processes that involve metabolites. 

Related Terms

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Photo of Kristin Ricklefs-Johnson

Medically reviewed by:

Kristin Ricklefs-Johnson, Ph.D., RD

Kristin is an RDN who also earned her Ph.D. in Nutrition from Arizona State University with an emphasis on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism disorders, and obesity. She completed her post-doctoral fellowship at Mayo Clinic where she focused on nutrition-related proteomic and metabolic research. Her interests include understanding the exact mechanism of action of various genetic variations underlying individual predispositions to nutrition-related health outcomes. Her goal is to help all individuals prevent chronic diseases and achieve long, healthy lives through eating well.

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